Essay/Term paper: Sex education
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Thesis: Sex Education should be taught in middle schools to make our children aware and help
them with decisions in the future.
Audience: All District #150 Personnel
Sex Education should be taught in middle schools to make our children aware and help
them with decisions in the future. When children enter middle school many of them are going
through adolescent changes. This school district needs to help educate these hormone raging
teens about sex education. Not only will this program teach sex education, it will also give teens
the chance to ask questions and receive help if they are in a sexual situation. District #150 makes
up about three quarters the schools in Peoria and if you make room for a sex education program
to help your students, many other schools will follow your example. You can help stop teen sex
at an early age with guidance. With a sex education program in your curriculum, you will see
success in the students lives and notice a change in attitude toward the opposite sex.
As you walk down the middle school hallways, you see more young teenage girls that are
pregnant. Many of these girls knew the chances of getting pregnant without using a condom, but
really they didn"t care. According to Faye Wattleton, "the staggering rates and devastating
consequences of teen pregnancy in America are well document" (Wattleton 51). It seems clear
that many of the girls are unaware of the results of having unprotected sexual intercourse. These
girls and even young men should be given the opportunity to learn about the outcomes of sex.
When a teenage girl is making out with her boyfriend and things start to grow intense, most just
go along with sex because they think nothing will happen. With this program you can help
decrease more than "1,000,000 US teenagers becoming pregnant each year, intentionally"
(Donavon 28). Helping find the answer to a problem is a start, but solving the task takes time.
Pregnancy is a major effect when young teens have unprotected sex but diseases also are
being transferred between parties. With the HIV/AIDS virus and STD"s like Gonorrhea,
spreading throughout the state, District #150 middles schools should be aware of the symptoms.
When I was in middle school we had a very small discussion on sex education. Truthfully, I
remember very little because the program was very brief When I entered high school we had a
little better explanation about diseases but I was still clue less. Maybe if we taught these middle
school students the effects and showed the pictures of affected people, they might actually
consider using protection. Debra Haffner states, "95% of adults want HIV/AIDS education to
their children" (Haffner 54). I talked to a teacher, Candace Walrath, at Broadmoor Junior High,
and she has her students do an STD activity. Two students, male and female, are given a half
glass of water. Each student pours their half into the partners cup and vice versa, "sharing body
fluids," just like unprotected sexual intercourse (Walrath). Then the student break up and
performs the experiment with a different partner. The more information you teach about the
diseases caused by unprotected sex, the more teens will think before having unprotected sex.
Diseases can change the minds of young teenagers but there are many different types of
protection they should be aware of so there is an option if sexual intercourse happens. I know my
high school health teacher told me about condoms and birth control but most teens are scared to
ask about these contraceptives. Young teens think that if they ask about condoms or birth
control, questions about having sex will come to the adult"s mind. At Planned Parenthood free
condoms are given to sexually active teens and even birth control methods. Places like these are
good for these teens because "confidentiality," is a must with sexual active teenagers. (YM,
"Love"). Your school can help by making the students aware of these places. Even if your
program shows a teem how to use a condom, telling them places to get them will lead to a higher
use of protection. A YM survey states that "41% of teens don"t know why they didn"t use
protection" (YM "Love"). Students need to know their options so they can use protection.
Teach these students that if they do decide to have sex, there are ways to prevent
diseases and pregnancy but where is the respect in a sexual situation. Respect is a factor that
teenagers really don"t understand. Any girl can say no to sex and a guy should respect that
decision. He tries to change the girl"s mind and usually, in the end, the girl gives in to his
persuasion. At Broadmoor Junior High, Candace Walrath teaches her students that "respect
comes before sex," and I agree with her (Walrath). If teens give respect, they usually get it back.
Also personal hygiene gives a teenager respect for themselves. " What we haven"t done in school
is talk about the serious reasons for taking care of yourself: This is your body and it"s wonderful;
cherish it and make good decisions for yourself , " (Glazer 358). Respect is the most important
part in a relationship and teachers should promote respect for others and themselves. Respect
makes you feel good inside and helps build maturity. If students are taught aspects of respect,
they will start showing respect.
Respect is received when someone understands your decision but when abstinence is the
answer, sex education is successful. Everyone knows abstinence is the best answer to sexual
intercourse. One girl stated in a YM survey that "she"s afraid to get pregnant," (YM 51). When
abstinence is presented as a key to safer sex, many ignore the issue. Abstinence needs to be
taught after all the effects of unprotected sex. More teens will think about waiting to have sex
after seeing what can happen to them physically and mentally. Abstinence is " the only certain
way," to avoid pregnancy and diseases (Shin 28). Even if a teenager has had sex, you can still
convince them to practice abstinence. Just because a teen has already had sex doesn"t mean
abstinence isn"t a solution. It is! Every program has abstinence, so should yours.
Sex education should be taught in every District#150 middle school to make the children
aware and help them with future decisions. You can help decrease the pregnancy rate, teach kids
to be aware of diseases, present them with types of protection, show them respect is a must, and
always promote abstinence. Sex education programs are becoming a part of more middle school
curricula and if you start a program many will follow. "Students who take a sex education course
are less likely to cause a pregnancy," (Donovan 28). The idea of a sex education program in your
middle schools is a good decision. Works Cited
Donovan, Patricia. "Sex Education in American Schools: Progress and Obstacles." USA
Today. July 1992, 28-30.
Glazer, Sarah. "Sex Education: How Well Does it Work?" Editorial Research Reports.
June 23, 1989, Vol. 1, No. 23, 338-339.
Haffner, Debra. "Sexuality Education in Public Schools." Education Digest. Sept. 1992,
Shin, Annys. "Abstinence-only Programs Get the Big Bucks." Ms. News. Jan. 1998, 28.
Wattleton, Faye. " American Teens: Sexually Active, Sexually Illiterate." Education
Digest. March 1998, 51-53.
Walrath, Candace. Interview February 3, 2000. Broadmoor Junior High, 7th Grade.
YM Magazine." The Love and Sex Report." February 2000, 50-53.
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Sex education is a process that begins at birth and continues until the day you die. It is a process of building a strong foundation for sexual health. There are many misunderstandings and non-factual opinions that go along with this topic even though it is constantly discussed. It includes sexual development, reproduction, intimacy, gender roles and relationships.
Sexual education should begin at home. Parents and guardians ought to be the primary instructors of sex education for their children. Daily, parents should take advantage of every opportunity to teach this subject to their children. From the beginning of a child’s life, they learn how to respond to affection, show love, and how to react in different types of relationships. Children even learn about their sexuality when their parents speak to them, change their clothes, play with them or teach them their body parts. As they progress from children to teenagers or adolescents they continue to learn about their sexualities consistently. However, some parents and guardians are very uncomfortable about talking about or providing information about sex or sexual education. They are either too embarrassed about talking about the extreme topic of sex, afraid of providing to much information to push their children to act on what they have told them or shy of not knowing the answers to the questions that their children might ask. Honest, open communication between parents and children through childhood, pre-teen, adolescent and young adulthood can help young people to mature into sexually healthy adults. Research has shown that parents and children have a range of discomfort levels when it comes to discussing sexuality.
School-based sexuality education complements and supplements the sexuality education children receive from their families, religious and community groups. Therefore, due to the necessity of school-based sexuality education it is in my opinion that it be a part of the curriculum for students in the Bahamian High Schools that is junior and senior high. This course needs to be taught in the various high schools for a number of reasons including: to students to build a strong foundation, to decrease teenage pregnancy, to make students aware of Sexually Transmitted diseases and prevent them from occurring, to teach about abstinence, which is the better way and to inform the students about sexual orientation and homosexuality.
The primary goal of sex education in the schools should be to help young people to build a foundation as they mature into sexually healthy adults. These programs should assist young people in understanding a positive view of sexuality, provide them with information and skills about taking care of their sexual health and help them make decisions about solving problems now and in the future. According to my interpretation, sex education should provide an opportunity for young people to develop and understand their values, attitudes, and beliefs about sexuality. This course should help young people to develop relationships and interpersonal skills and help them to exercise responsibility regarding sexual relationships including addressing abstinence, pressures to become prematurely involved in sexual intercourse and the use of contraception and other sexual health measures.
Teenage Pregnancy is very rampant in today’s society. In a conversation with a senior high school teacher, she related that at least two young ladies from each senior class graduates being pregnant. She went on to say that this did not include the numerous others who end their classes prematurely as a result of their pregnant state and their inability to continue with regular schooling. What do you think is the cause of this? In my opinion the cause of pregnancies among these teenagers is incorrect education about sex from peers or neighbors or no sex education at all. If these students were educated from their entrance into the high school program with a sexual education class, the outcome might have been different. This does not mean that they would not have experimented with sexual intercourse or the opposite sex, it would have meant that they would have been better prepared to deal with the decisions or choices that they made. Sex education needs to be implemented in the high school coursework to make teenagers or pre-teens aware of the consequences of unprotected sex. Each of these teens or preteens will or have gone through puberty, therefore they need to be very well educated as to what can occur if they are sexually active, even for just one time. Sexual education would not stop teenage pregnancies but it indeed reduces them.
Homosexuality is another topic that sexuality education will discuss. Teenagers come into contact with homosexuals on a day to day basis. They are forced to deal with homosexuality in their homes, their neighborhoods, their churches and even in their schools. These students are in their teen or adolescent years where they are learning about who they are and what their feelings mean. In my opinion, homosexuality is a misunderstanding, one that can be easily adopted by teenagers who are easily misunderstood. If they are not taught about both heterosexuality and homosexuality, they can easily fall prey to the homosexuals who are lurking in the society’s shadows. Sexual education would encourage heterosexuality- healthy relationships between males and females. It would teach students about sexual preference and that homosexuality is not hereditary. It would also help students to deal with feelings toward the same sex and with homosexuals that they come in contact with.
Some may say that if teenagers are taught about sex and sexuality that their interest in it will intensify thus, resulting in experimentation. Although this might indeed be a true statement that teenagers are very curious, “curious minds will experiment.” Sexuality education is not an either or proposition. The reality is that young people need and deserve information about abstinence and contraception. Sex education would teach that sexuality is a natural, normal part of life. Abstinence from sexual intercourse is the most effective method of preventing unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS.
Abstinence is in fact the better way. Adolescent or pre-teens should be encouraged by not only their parents to delay sexual acts until they are physically, cognitively and emotionally ready for mature sexual relationships and their consequences. The coursework of sex education would offer them a wide range of information exclusively on abstinence until marriage. Interventions that are effective in encouraging teenagers to postpone sexual intercourse helps them to develop interpersonal skills they need to resist premature sexual involvement. For interventions to be most effective, teenagers need to be exposed to these programs before they initiate intercourse, preferably during their high school years.
The sex education curriculum when implemented into the high school system will be designed to promote knowledge about human development and reproduction, to make students aware of the consequences of all types of sexual activity, and to promote young people’s respect for and appreciation of themselves, their families and others. This implementation would in fact help to reduce teenage pregnancy, for the reason that important topics such as puberty, sexual health and hygiene, reproductive systems, pregnancy and contraception will be focused on. These topics will discuss abstinence, condom use, diversity, pregnancy options, safer sex and sexual behavior. Students have to be encouraged to accept the shared responsibility of pregnancy prevention by teachers explaining the consequences of premature and unprotected sexual activity, urging responsible decisions about sexual intercourse, and encouraging healthy, respectful and safe male and female relationships.
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