Gender Identity Disorder Research Paper

Gender Identity Disorder Essays

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Living a life feeling out of place, with the wrong feelings, and in the wrong body, for a person with Gender Identity Disorder, this is how they feel day to day. According to the DSM-IV-TR, Gender Identity Disorder is characterized by a strong, persistent cross-gender identification, persistent discomfort with his or her sex or sense of inappropriateness in their gender role of that sex. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), children, adolescents and adults who exhibit a preoccupation with getting rid of or losing their primary and secondary sex characteristics, associated with different mannerisms and actions of the opposite sex; while holding a belief that he or she was born the wrong sex are believed to be classified…show more content…

However, studies have proven that many adolescents with Gender Identity Disorder grew up in families which at least at one time “cross-gender behavior was tolerated or encouraged, often viewed as ‘only a phase.” (Byrd 7) The biggest question asked is how it comes around, however there is not a solid reasoning or proof of one main causal factor. According to Lippa, exposure to testosterone during the second trimester of pregnancy, when the development of both male internal and external genitals and a male-typical nervous system forms, may influence gender identity. (98) Brown counters this argument by saying the formation of a secure unconflicted gender identity and gender role is influenced by social factors, such as the character of parent’s emotional bond or the relationship each parent has with the child; he asserts that the biological factors (genetic complement or prenatal hormones) do largely determine gender identity however they do not act alone, more or less just setting the stage to go one way or the other. Gender Identity Disorder can make a child; adolescent or adult feel awkward and alone. Gender Identity Disorder paired with either Gender Dysphoria or Transsexualism will disrupt the development of social skills and create more problems behaviorally. Normative studies present evidence of the co-morbidity through parent report data revealing that children with Gender Identity Disorder have on

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GID: Causes, Treatments 3Gender Identity Disorder is defined as a mental disorder characterized by a long-standing, persistent feeling that one's biological sex is incongruent with one's gender identity. Individualswho possess this trait have an intense desire to be the opposite sex. Dressing and identifying asthe opposite sex causes feelings of pleasure for these individuals. At times they may even expressan extreme dislike for their own genitalia. (Haraldsen, Dahl 2000) This is often referred to asgender dysphoria. Gender Identity Disorder is listed in the DMV-IV as a mental disorder/illness.Individuals who experience symptoms of GID are often termed transgendered. In former years,they were more commonly referred to as transsexuals. Either label is appropriate for individualswho are not mentally accepting of their biological sexual anatomy. These individuals have astrong desire to wear clothing of the opposite gender and to present themselves as the oppositegender while in public.Some psychologists say that parental influences, such as extreme closeness to the mother, theabsence of the father, or parental dynamics such as a maternal wish for a daughter have been heldresponsible for the development of GID. It was thought that such parental characteristics wouldgive the children insufficient possibilities to identify with the same sex parent and/or exposethem to cross-gender reinforcement patterns. (Cohen-Kettenis and Gooren 1999)In recorded accounts of gender dysphoria in women, females experience discomfort with actualfemale anatomic characteristics like breasts. They also resent their menstrual cycle and express a

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