On the verge of writing a research paper, you should prepare an introduction. These few dozens of sentences will form the imaginary about the whole investigation. You should explain the topic you have chosen and tell about the importance and actuality of your investigation. This could be a strange idea to write the beginning after composing the whole essay, but you should try to follow it.
What Is Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper
If your exploration were a human, the introduction would be the best way of acquaintance. Besides, the intro should be concluded a thesis statement. This part of your work is aimed to help the reader to define if he or she wants to read the paper at all. Intro paragraph or even few paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper. Moreover, all that you write in the inception should attract the attention of the reader.
How to Write a Research Paper Introduction
After writing the essay, you will have the broad picture. This will help you spot the main points and include them into an intro. These tips will attract your reader’s attention, provide interest to read the whole essay, define the thesis statement and arrange the background of your theme. There also few simple tricks which can help you make your research paper introduction the best one:
- Declare Your Research Theme
The first sentences should be common about the broad topic. Then you should tell about your topic. This is called an inverted triangle when you start with the broad theme and then narrow it.
If you write a research paper in humanities, you can start the inception with a quotation, life story or even an anecdote. If your investigation area is science or medicine, you can write an extremely interesting fact or even shocking fact. Such approach will help you make your research paper introduction attractive.
You should explain key terms and concepts in the introduction to avoid reader’s confusion later. Make your investigation clear and understandable.
You should find your own ideal size of the introduction. It should be short enough to be readable and gain the attention of the reader and long enough to explain all of the main features of your exploration.
The key words should be used in the introduction. The aim of this trick is to make your research paper easier to be found. These could be separate words or word combinations, which define your topic.
You should be consistent in writing. Logical links between the sentences will make your text coherent.
Research Paper Introduction Example
The theory is good, but the practice is quite another. Of course, to write an excellent introduction you need to read an example, so here you are.
The bookish marketing nowadays becomes digital because of the demands of the modern online era. Such popular best seller authors like J. K. Rowling or Dan Brown get profit from the internet and use it as a source for advertising to show the audience their creation. On the other hand, a lot of writers find digital Epoque harmful and destructive for their creations because many users can get their books for free, giving no income to the author. However, there are more and more studies which reveal the business side of bookish industry not far from a negative side. This research paper will define whether the culture of digital bookish consumption has to be changed because the creations of writers become worthless due to an act of web pirates and because people have stopped valuing books according to their merit.
|Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph:|
Students are told from the first time they receive instruction in English composition that their introductory paragraphs should accomplish two tasks:
- They should get the reader's interest so that he or she will want to read more.
- They should let the reader know what the writing is going to be about.
The second task can be accomplished by a carefully crafted thesis statement. Writing thesis statements can be learned rather quickly. The first task securing the reader's interest is more difficult. It is this task that this discussion addresses.
First, admit that it is impossible to say or do or write anything that will interest everybody. With that out of the way, the question then becomes: "What can a writer do that will secure the interest of a fair sized audience?"
Professional writers who write for magazines and receive pay for their work use five basic patterns to grab a reader's interest:
- historical review
- surprising statement
- famous person
What follows is an explanation of each of these patterns with examples from real magazine articles to illustrate the explanations.
1 Historical review: Some topics are better understood if a brief historical review of the topic is presented to lead into the discussion of the moment. Such topics might include "a biographical sketch of a war hero," "an upcoming execution of a convicted criminal," or "drugs and the younger generation." Obviously there are many, many more topics that could be introduced by reviewing the history of the topic before the writer gets down to the nitty gritty of his paper. It is important that the historical review be brief so that it does not take over the paper.
from "Integration Turns 40" by Juan Williams in Modern Maturity, April/May, 1994.
The victory brought pure elation and joy. It was May 1954, just days after the Supreme Court's landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. At NAACP headquarters in New York the mood was euphoric. Telegrams of congratulations poured in from around the world; reporters and well-wishers crowded the halls.
2 Anecdotal: An anecdote is a little story. Everyone loves to listen to stories. Begin a paper by relating a small story that leads into the topic of your paper. Your story should be a small episode, not a full blown story with characters and plot and setting. Read some of the anecdotes in the Reader's Digest special sections such as "Life in These United States" to learn how to tell small but potent stories. If you do it right, your story will capture the reader's interest so that he or she will continue to read your paper. One caution: be sure that your story does not take over the paper. Remember, it is an introduction, not the paper.
from "Going, Going, GONE to the Auction!" by Laurie Goering in Chicago Tribune Magazine, July 4, 1994.
Mike Cantlon remembers coming across his first auction ten years ago while cruising the back roads of Wisconsin. He parked his car and wandered into the crowd, toward the auctioneer's singsong chant and wafting smell of barbecued sandwiches. Hours later, Cantlon emerged lugging a $22 beam drill-for constructing post-and-beam barnsand a passion for auctions that has clung like a cocklebur on an old saddle blanket. "It's an addiction," says Cantlon, a financial planner and one of the growing number of auction fanatics for whom Saturdays will never be the same.
3 Surprising statement: A surprising statement is a favorite introductory technique of professional writers. There are many ways a statement can surprise a reader. Sometimes the statement is surprising because it is disgusting. Sometimes it is joyful. Sometimes it is shocking. Sometimes it is surprising because of who said it. Sometimes it is surprising because it includes profanity. Professional writers have honed this technique to a fine edge. It is not used as much as the first two patterns, but it is used.
from "60 Seconds That Could Save Your Child" by Cathy Perlmutter with Maureen Sangiorgio in Prevention, September, 1993.
Have a minute? Good. Because that may be all it takes to save the life of a childyour child. Accidents kill nearly 8000 children under age 15 each year. And for every fatality, 42 more children are admitted to hospitals for treatment. Yet such deaths and injuries can be avoided through these easy steps parents can take right now. You don't have a minute to lose.
4 Famous person: People like to know what celebrities say and do. Dropping the name of a famous person at the beginning of a paper usually gets the reader's attention. It may be something that person said or something he or she did that can be presented as an interest grabber. You may just mention the famous person's name to get the reader's interest. The famous person may be dead or alive. The famous person may be a good person like the Pope, or he or she may be a bad person like John Wilkes Booth. Of course, bringing up this person's name must be relevant to the topic. Even though the statement or action may not be readily relevant, a clever writer can convince the reader that it is relevant.
from "Dear Taxpayer" by Will Manley in Booklist, May 1, 1993.
The most widely read writer in America today is not Stephen King, Michael Chrichton or John Grisham. It's Margaret Milner Richardson, the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service, whose name appears on the "1040 Forms and Instructions" booklet. I doubt that Margaret wrote the entire 1040 pamphlet, but the annual introductory letter, "A Note from the Commissioner," bears her signature.
5 Declarative: This technique is quite commonly used, but it must be carefully used or the writer defeats his whole purpose of using one of these patterns, to get the reader's interest. In this pattern, the writer simply states straight out what the topic of his paper is going to be about. It is the technique that most student writers use with only modest success most of the time, but good professional writers use it too.
from "The Tuition Tap" by Tim Lindemuth in K-Stater, February, 1994.
In the College of Veterinary Medicine and Engineering, for example, nearly one-third of the teaching faculty may retire by the year 2004. In the College of Education, more than a third of the professors are 55 years old and older. The largest turnover for a single department is projected to be in geology. More than half of its faculty this year are in the age group that will retire at the millennium, says Ron Downey of K-State's Office of Institutional Research and Analysis. The graying of K-State's faculty is not unique. A Regents' report shows approximately 27 percent of the faculty at the six state universities will retire by the end of this decade, creating a shortage of senior faculty.
These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Practice them. Try using two or three different patterns for your introductory paragraph and see which introductory paragraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is. Do not forget, though, that your introductory paragraph should also include a thesis statement to let your reader know what your topic is and what you are going to say about that topic.